Allergies are caused by an overactive immune system. It’s what happens when your body mistakes harmless things, such as dust or pollen, for germs and just attacks them.
When that happens, your body releases chemicals such as histamine, just as it does when fighting a cold. This can cause a swelling in the passageways of your nose, and you’ll start sneezing and coughing. Unlike colds, allergies aren’t contagious.
Hay fever is another term for allergies. Hay fever usually refers to outdoor allergies, such as pollen or mold. Hay fever is often seasonal. The symptoms of hay fever are caused by an allergic reaction of the immune system to foreign matter in the air you breathe.
• Symptoms of hay fever include sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, postnasal drip, sensation of plugged ear(s), watery or bloodshot eyes, itching, fatigue, and trouble sleeping.
• The cause of hay fever is an allergic reaction when allergens enter your body by inhalation, by swallowing, or through your skin. The most common allergens in hay fever are pollens and molds.
• The treatment for hay fever includes avoiding known or suspected allergens. Treatments for symptoms of hay fever include medications such as antihistamines, decongestants, steroid nasal sprays, and immunotherapy (allergy shots).
Some of the most common allergy triggers are:
Mold Inhaling the spores causes allergic reactions in some people. Allergic symptoms from fungus spores are most common from July to early fall. But fungi grow in many places, both indoors and outside, so allergic reactions can occur year-round. Although there are many types of molds, only a few dozen cause allergic reactions. Molds can grow in compost piles and on grasses and on rotting logs and leaves. Unlike pollens, molds do not die with the first killing frost. As some molds out of doors can become inactive during the winter, In the spring they grow on plants killed by the cold. Indoors, fungi grow in damp areas. They can often be found in the bathroom, kitchen or basement.
Pet dander It’s really not the pet hair that causes the allergy, it’s the dander from their skin. People with pet allergies have over-sensitive immune systems. They can react to harmless proteins in the pet’s urine, saliva or dander (dead skin cells). Don’t think you have to get rid of your pet, there are many options to cohabitate.
Pollen Pollen is one of the most common triggers of seasonal allergies. Many people know pollen allergy as “hay fever.” Each spring, summer and fall, plants release tiny pollen granules to fertilize other plants of the same species. Reactions come from trees, weeds, flowers and grasses. These plants make small, light and dry pollen granules that travel by the wind.
Insect stings or bites People can have a serious allergic reaction to stinging or biting insects. A life-threatening allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) produces signs and symptoms that require immediate medical attention. Without immediate treatment, anaphylaxis may cause death and requires immediate medical treatment, including a prompt injection of epinephrine and a trip to a hospital emergency room. If it isn’t treated properly, anaphylaxis can be fatal. Symptoms usually involve more than one organ system (part of the body), such as the skin or mouth, the lungs, the heart, and stomach. Some symptoms include:
• Skin rashes, itching or hives
• Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
• Shortness of breath, trouble breathing or wheezing
• Dizziness and/or fainting
• Stomach pain, vomiting, bloating or diarrhea
Latex The term “latex” refers to the protein in the sap of the Brazilian rubber tree. It also refers to “natural rubber products” made from that sap.
Latex is in many everyday products:
• Rubber bands
• Condoms and diaphragms
• Rubber household gloves
• Rubber balls
Contact with these products can cause an allergic reaction. Latex fibers in the air can cause breathing problems for some. Most commonly, people have allergic reactions from skin contact with latex.
Food (nuts) A food allergy occurs when the body’s immune system sees a certain food as harmful and reacts by causing allergic symptoms. Foods that contribute to allergic reactions are allergens. In the U.S., the most common causes of food allergy are these eight foods:
• Peanut (legumes)
• Tree Nut (hard-shelled nuts)
• Shellfish (crustaceans)
Dust People with dust mite allergies often suffer the most inside their homes or in other people’s homes. Dust mites are microscopic organisms that feed off house dust and the moisture in the air. They are one of the most common indoor allergens, and symptoms can be present year-round. Changing your filters often will cut down on the dust.
Drugs Many people may use the term “medicine allergy or “drug allergy.” The majority of reactions caused by medications are more correctly termed “adverse reactions to drugs.”
True drug allergies are rare and caused by the immune system.
An allergic reaction is an abnormal response of the immune system to a normally harmless substance. People with a drug allergy have an over-sensitive immune system. Their immune system reacts to the drug as if it were an invader.
What is Dilotab II?
Dilotab II Tablet is a non-drowsy tablet used for temporary relief of stuffy nose, sinus, ear symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies or other breathing illnesses, fever, mild to moderate pain, Headache and other conditions.
Dilotab II Tablet contains Acetaminophen and Phenylephrine Hydrochloride as active ingredients. Phenylephrine is used to relieve nasal discomfort caused by colds, allergies, and hay fever. It is also used to relieve sinus congestion and pressure. Phenylephrine is in a class of medications called nasal decongestants. It works by reducing swelling of the blood vessels in the nasal passages.
What is Loratadine?
Loratadine (Allergy Relief) is an antihistamine that reduces the effects of the natural chemical “histamine” in the body. Histamine can formulate symptoms of itching, sneezing, watery eyes and of course, a runny nose. It also helps in treating skin hives and itching. Loratadine is easy to use as a single dose lasts for 24-hours and is non-drowsy.
Some of these allergy triggers can be easily avoided and some aren’t so easy. Spring is here and summer is approaching. We know that no one wants to stay indoors to avoid the inevitable… Hay fever. Taking an allergy medication can help you on those days you plan on being outdoors, where flowers are blooming and pollen is everywhere! Always check with your doctor before starting a new medication.